Citrus County Health Department
What is tuberculosis (TB)?
TB is caused by an infection that is spread from person to person through the air. This infection can lead to TB disease, which usually affects the lungs and can cause fatigue, weight loss, fever, coughing, reduced appetite, chills, night sweats, chest pain, and coughing up blood. Some individuals may become infected with the TB bacteria but do not initially develop TB symtpoms. This is known as Latent TB Infection (LTBI) and can potentially develop into TB disease if left untreated. TB is easlity prevented and treated with medication to eliminate the infection.
Who is at risk for TB?
Anyone can get TB, but some are at higher risk than others. Those at higher risk include:
- People who share the same breathing space (family, friends, co-workers, etc.) with someone who has TB
- Low-income groups with poor access to healthcare
- Individuals from countries where TB is prevalent
- Individuals in residential settings (nursing homes, homeless shelters, or correctional facilities, etc.)
- Healthcare workers who serve high-risk clients
- Inejction drug users
- Individuals with medical conditions that may weaken the immune system (i.e., diabetes, cancer, underweight, HIV/AIDS, etc.)
We provide services, regardless of income, to clients exposed to or infected with tuberculosis (TB). We will identify individuals potentially exposed to tuberculosis and assess their risk of becoming infected based on their level of exposure.
Based on the level of individual risk, screening tests are available to those who are exposed to tuberculosis.
For further information, please call 352-527-0068.